Ecommerce Law Links

The links below provide a broad supplement to the MSEC program and will be particularly useful for the course 45-848, eCommerce Legal Environment.  They will lead you to articles, tutorials and white papers relating to all aspects of Ecommerce law.  For unfamiliar terminology you may also want to consult the Hyperdictionary of Electronic Commerce Law.  This page is maintained by shamos@cs.cmu.edu and is still under construction. Please report omissions and dead links to the author.  Copyright 2004 Michael I. Shamos.

Topics covered:

Advertising
Antitrust
Auctions
Banking
Censorship
Commercial Transactions
Computer Security

Consumer Protection
Criminal Law
Cryptography

Digital Signatures
Electronic Payments

Electronic Voting
Gambling
General

Government
Intellectual Property
International Law
Internet

Jurisdiction
Legislation
Notaries
Policy
Privacy
Securities

Spam
Tax
Telecommunications

Uniform Acts

Advertising

Articles
Advertising and Marketing on the Internet (FTC)

Banner Ads
Excite, Netscape Sued Over Banner Ads (SearchEngineWatch)

Deep Linking
Hyperlinks, Frames and Meta-Tags: An Intellectual Property Analysis (Kuester & Nieves)
Linking Rights (Brad Templeton)

Government
Federal Trade Commission

Lists of Links
Advertising/Consumer Protection (ABA)
Sale of Services (ABA)

Periodicals
Internet Advertising Report (internet.com)

Sites
Engage Technologies

Statutes and Regulations
Telemarketing and Consumer Fraud and Abuse Prevention Act (15 U.S.C. 101)
Telemarketing Sales Rule

Antitrust

Links
Antitrust and the Internet (Sugarman, Rogers, Barshak & Cohen)

Microsoft Case
Antitrust and Microsoft (From Telecom Information Resources on the Internet)
Antitrust Case Filings: U.S. v. Microsoft (U.S. Dept. of Justice)
Government vs. Microsoft (I.T. Works)
U.S. Justice Department Antitrust Division

Auctions

Auction Sites
eBay
ONSALE
SKYAUCTION.com travel auctions
Yahoo! auctions

FTC Consumer Alert! Online Auctions: Going, Going, Gone
New Hampshire online auction licensing

Banking

Crime
Cyberlaundering (R. Mark Bortner)
End of Ordinary Money Part II (J. Orlin Grabbe)
National Check Fraud Center
Suspicious Internet Banking (FDIC)

Electronic Cash
Electronic Cash Under Current Banking Laws (d'Alelio & Collins)

Lists of Links
Payment Systems/Banking (ABA)

Online Banking
Internet and Online Banking

Censorship

Articles
Internet as a Source of Regulatory Arbitrage (A. Michael Froomkin)
Cyber-Liberties (ACLU)
Net Censorship in Australia
On-Line Censorship in the States (ACLU)
Resources on the Internet

Readings on Computer Communications and Freedom of Expression (MIT)

Speech Which Causes Injury (David Loundy)

Lists of Links
Censorship on the Internet

Pornography
AdultWebLaw (Law relating to adult sites)
Child Pornography statute (18 U.S.C. 2251-2258)
Obscene and Indecent Material (David Loundy)
Regulation of Pornography and Child Pornography on the Internet (Yaman Akdeniz, UK)

Commercial Transactions

Clickwrap licenses

Lists of Links
Sale of Goods (ABA)

Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act
Text of Act

Uniform Electronic Transactions Act
ETA Forum
Text of Act

Computer Security

Lists of Links
Readings on Encryption and National Security (MIT)

Consumer Protection

Consumer Protection: E-Commerce and the Internet (FTC)

Lists of Links
Advertising/Consumer Protection (ABA)

Criminal Law

Lists of Links
Computer/High-Tech Crime and Related Sites
Cybercrimes Against Persons

Statutes
Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (18 U.S.C. 1030)
Economic Espionage Act (18 U.S.C. 831)
Texas Computer Crime Law (Texas Penal Code 3.01)

Cryptography

Articles
Law Professors' Letter Opposing Mandatory Key Escrow

Lists of Links

Digital Signatures

Articles
Electronic Signature Legislation (Smedinghoff & Bro)

Law Student's Guide to the Future of Transactions on the Internet (C. Keefe)

Lists of Links
Summary of Electronic Commerce and Digital Signature Legislation (McBride Baker & Coles)

Statutes
Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (S. 761, 2000)

Electronic Payments

Electronic Cash
Selected U.S. Legal Issues in Issuance of Electronic Money (JIBC)

FAQ
E-money mini-FAQ (Jim Miller)

Lists of links
Money - Past, Present & Future (List of Roy Davis)

Electronic Voting

White Papers
California Internet Voting Task Force Report (1/18/00)

Gambling

Articles
Gambling on the Internet (Aaron Craig, PDF format)

Gambling on the Internet (Cynthia R. Janower)
Internet Gambling Warning (Att'y. Gen'l. of Kansas)

Lists of Links
Public Law/Gaming (ABA)

General

Attorneys
Martindale-Hubbell Lawyer Locator

Law Journals (U.S.)
Albany Law Journal of Science & Technology
Berkeley Technology Law Journal
BitLaw: A Resource on Technology Law
CyberLaw Journal (NY Times)
Electronic Commerce & Law Report (BNA)
Harvard Journal of Law and Technology (abstracts only, some full text)
IDEA: the journal of law and technology (Franklin Pierce)
Intellectual Property and Technology Forum (Boston College)
Internet Lawyer (Abstracts only)
John Marshall Journal of Computer & Information Law
Journal of Internet Banking & Commerce
Journal of Internet Law (Gray Cary Ware & Freidenrich LLP)
Journal of Online Law (William & Mary)
Journal of Science & Technology Law (Boston Univ.)
Journal of Technology Law & Policy (Univ, of Florida)
Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review
Richmond Journal of Law and Technology
Rutgers Computer & Technology Law Journal
Stanford Technology Law Review
UCLA Bulletin of Law & Technology
University of Dayton Journl of Law & Technology
Virginia Journal of Law and Technology
West Virginia Journal of Law & Technology

Law Journals (non-U.S.)
Computer und Recht (Germany)
Digital Technology Law Journal (Murdoch Univ., Australia)
International Journal of Law and Information Technology (Oxford)
L'Internet Juridique (France)

Law Sources and Statutes
Computers and Information Technology Laws
FedLaw (GSA)
FindLaw (comprehensive list of law sites)
LawCrawler (meta-search for legal sources)

Supreme Court Decisions 1937-1975
United States Code (Cornell)
U.S. Constitution (Cornell)
U.S. Constitution (Yale)

Lists of Links
Berkman Center for Internet & Society (Harvard Law)
CompLaw: The Computer Law Resource
Cyberlaw Encyclopedia
CyberSpace Law Links
E-Law Locator
Electronic Commerce and Electronic Data Interchange (John Yates.  More general than it sounds -- a general list of ecommerce law materials)
Internet Library of Law and Court Decisions (Philips Nizer)
KuesterLaw: the technology law resource
Law and the Net (Steptoe & Johnson)
Law of Electronic Commerce (Univ of Hull, U.K.)
Legal Department@AOL
Netlitgation (Sugarman Rogers Barshak & Cohen)
UCLA Online Institute for Cyberspace Law and Policy
WIPO Electronic Commerce and Intellectual Property

Periodicals
Cyber Law Journal

e-business (ZDNet)

Tutorials
Law and the Internet 1998 (A. Michael Froomkin)

Government

Federal Electronic Commerce Program Office
Federal Trade Commission
United States Patent and Trademark Office

Domain Names
Approved Agreements among ICANN, the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, and Network Solutions
Management of Internet Names and Addresses

Intellectual Property

Articles
The Digital Dilemma: Intellectual Property in the Information Age (National Research Council)
What Every Business Needs to Know About Trademarks, Copyrights, and Security on the Internet
(Alschuler Grossman & Pines LLP)

Cases
Interactive Gift Express v. Compuserve (patent on on-line ordering)
Ticketmaster v. Microsoft (trademark implications of hyperlinks)
Washington Post v. TotalNews (trademark implications of hyperlinks)

Copyright
Berne Convention
Copyright Issues (David Loundy)
Copyright Website
Digital Millennium Copyright Act (94-page pdf file)
U.S. Copyright Act (17 U.S.C. 101 et seq.)
U.S. Copyright Regulations (37 C.F.R. 201 et seq.)

General
Intellectual Property (Varian's list)
Readings on Information and Intellectual Property (MIT)

Government
U.S. Copyright Office
U.S. Patent & Trademark Office

International
European Patent Office
Japanese Patent Office
World Intellectual Property Organization

Journals
IP Law Center (Law News Network)

IP: The Journal of Law and Policy for High Technology
IP Worldwide

Lists of Links
Intellectual Property (ABA)
Intellectual Property (Fenwick & West)
WIPO Electronic Commerce and Intellectual Property

Patents
IBM Patent Server
Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
Patent Bibliographic Database (USPTO)
Patent Cooperation Treaty
Patent Search (STO)
SoftwarePatent.com
U.S. Patent Act (35 U.S.C. 1 et seq.)
U.S. Patent Regulations (37 C.F.R. 1 et seq.)

Trademarks and Domain Names
AntiCybersquatting Consumer Protection Act (1999)
Trademark Acceptable Identification of Goods and Services Manual
Trademark and Unfair Competition Issues (David Loundy)
Trademarks, Domain Names and Related IP Issues on the Internet (Diane Cabell)

International Law

Articles
Law and Borders -- The Rise of Law in Cyberspace (Johnson & Post)
Taxation of Internet Commerce (Muskovitch)

Canada
Canadian Internet Law Resource Page (Michael Geist)

Digital Signatures
Survey of International Electronic and Digital Signature Initiatives (ILPF)

European Union
Electronic Commerce and the European Union: Legal Aspects

France
Juriscom.net

General
Hague Conference on Private International Law
Laws by Country (law.com)

Germany
Federal Data Protection Act (BGB1.I 1990 S. 2954)
Information and Communication Services Act
Law of Electronic and Internet Commerce in Germany

India
Electronic Commerce Act

Lists of links

New Zealand
New Zealand Electronic Commerce

Russia
Law of the Russian Federation on Information, Informatisation and Information Protection

South Africa
Business Guide to Internet Law (Werksmans)
The E-commerce Debate

UN Model Law
UN Model Law on Electronic Commerce

Internet

Lists of links

Jurisdiction

Articles
Compuserve v. Patterson:Creating Jurisdiction Through Internet Contacts (Conner)
Internet Jurisdiction (Christopher Wolf)
Jurisdiction in Cyberspaces: A Theory of International Spaces (Menthe)

Lists of Links
Internet Jurisdiction Hyperlink Guide (ABA)

Tutorials
Jurisdiction Over Person & Property (allrise.com)

Legislation

Lists of links

Notaries

Services
e-TimeStamp
Surety Technologies, Inc.

Policy

Lists of links
Policy and Law (Varian's list)

United States Government Electronic Commerce Policy

Organizations
Center for Democracy & Technology
Cyberspace Law Institute
Electronic Frontier Foundation
Electronic Privacy Information Center
UCLA Online Institute for Cyberspace Law and Policy

Privacy

Articles
Internet Privacy Law (Timonthy Walton)
Privacy of Electronic Documents (David Loundy)

Cases
Jessup-Morgan v. AOL (defamation by ISP)
Judnick v. DoubleClick, Inc.
(collecting information without consent)

Cookies

Federal Trade Commission
FTC Privacy Initiatives

General
See how much a website learns about you when you visit.

Identity Theft
Identity Theft website

International
EU Data Protection Law and Online Services: Regulatory Responses (Europa)
Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (C-54, Canada)

Lists of links
Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)

Privacy (ABA)
Readings on Privacy (MIT)
See how much a website learns about you when you visit.
Security, Privacy and Encryption (Varian's list)
W3C Privacy Overview

Sites
DoubleClick
interMute (advertising blocker)
Internet Privacy Coalition
Privacy Rights Clearinghouse

Statutes
Children's Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998
Electronic Communications Privacy Act (18 U.S.C. 2510, 2710, 3121)
Identity Theft and Assumption Deterrence Act (amending 18 U.S.C. 1028)
Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978

Tutorials

Workplace
Windows Nine-to-Five: Smyth v. Pillsbury and the Scope of an Employee's Right of Privacy in Employer Communications (Rod Dixon)

Securities

Lists of Links
Securities (ABA)

Spam

Articles
Garbage In: Emerging Media and Regulation of Unsolicited Commercial Solicitations (Carroll)
Information v. Commercialization: The Internet and Unsolicited Electronic Mail (Mika)

Lists of links

Statutes
Junk Email Legislation (AOL)
Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 ("Junk Fax" Law) (47 U.S.C. 227)
Washington State Law Prohibiting Unsolicited Electronic Mail (Ch. 149, Laws of 1998)

Tax

Cases
National Bellas Hess, Inc. v. Department of Revenue of Ill., 386 U.S. 753 (1967)
Quill Corp. v. North Dakota, 504 U.S. 298 (1992)

International
E-commerce Taxation (Prof. Claudia Gramaccia) Good source for EU references

Internet Tax Freedom Act
Internet Tax Freedom Act Homepage (Rep. Christopher Cox)
Text of Act

General

Lists of links Here
LibertySearch: Taxation
Tax Directory: Internet Trade
Taxation (ABA)

Statutes
15 U.S.C. 381

Telecommunications

International

Lists of links
LibertySearch: Telecommunications

Statutes
Telecommunications Act of 1996

Uniform Acts

Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act
Text

2B Guide (Kunze)

Uniform Electronic Transactions Act
ETA Forum
Text